If Stephen Foster refined the so-called 19th century "Ethiopian" slave-derived song into a form of high art, then Daniel Decatur Emmett was the main representative of its low-brow, populist ethos. Emmett broke into show business by joining a circus in Cincinnati as a banjoist and fiddler in 1835. In New York in 1843, Emmett co-founded the vastly influential minstrel troupe the Virginia Minstrels, a huge success on the Eastern Seaboard, managing to tour to the British Isles in 1844. In Boston that year, Emmett published "Old Dan Emmit's Original Banjo Melodies," a collection of numbers that he partly composed and otherwise may have collected. The song "Bluetail Fly (Jimmy Crack Corn)" appeared for the first time in this publication, but it is uncertain as to whether Emmett himself composed this perennial.